A non-exhaustive, unordered list of written works I’ve found particularly enlightening, updated occasionally.
Stephen Hawking & Leonard Mlodinow (2010) The Grand Design. Bantam Books.
Richard Dawkins (2011) The Magic of Reality: How We Know What’s Really True. Free Press.
Derek J. DeSolla Price (1986) Little Science, Big Science and beyond. Columbia University Press.
P.K. Stanford (2006) Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives. Oxford University Press.
Leonard Susskind (2006) The Cosmic Landscape: String Theory and the Illusion of Intelligent Design. Little, Brown & Company.
Robert Lanza & Bob Berman (2010) Biocentrism: How Life and Consciousness are the Keys to Understanding the True Nature of the Universe. BenBella Books.